Water can be defined as a chemical compound consisting of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen. The liquid state of the compound is referred to water. The solid phase is known as ice and gas phase is called steam. Water is also known as Dihydrogen monoxide H2O.

Water is clear, colorless, odorless, and tasteless liquid, H2O, it is very essential for most plant and animal life and the most widely used of all solvents. The properties of water are Freezing point 0°C (32°F); boiling point 100°C (212°F); specific gravity (4°C) 1.0000; weight per gallon (15°C) 8.338 pounds (3.782 kilograms).