Water

International Legislations to Prevent and Control Water Pollution

According to statistics, the world population is increasing at a rate of 1.2% in 2009. The scarce resources, that are needed to support our survival, are not growing at the same rate. In fact some of the sources are depleting away at a faster rate due to human activities. Water, for example, is one of those sources that is essential for human existence. Even though around 70 percent of our planet is covered with water, only 2 percent is drinkable. Most of the drinkable water is either trapped underneath the ground or trapped in polar ice bergs. The rest is being misused, or polluted by us humans. The amount of water that is being polluted is unimaginable. Once the water is polluted, it becomes useless, and it could no longer sustain any lives that depend on water for their survival.

In 21st century, many local and international laws and regulations are in place to prevent water pollution. Some of those international water pollution legislations will be discussed in this article in detail.

Most of the international laws however deal with marine pollution. For example, some laws prohibit dumping of various waste materials and hazardous materials in the ocean. In addition to that, it also helps to control the oil spillages from sea vessels such as ships. These international laws have played a major role in controlling water pollution.

Examples:

MARPOL Convention:

The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships is an international combination of two treaties that were adopted in year 1973 and 1978. The 1997 protocol (Annex VI) is also included in it.

Another example could be the International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Cooperation, that was adopted in 1990 by the parties of OPRC

Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Co-operation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances, which was adopted in 2000.

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