Water

Water Retention during Pregnancy

Many women suffer

water retention during pregnancy

which in turn leads to edema or swelling. Swelling or bloating in the abdominal area generally occurs as the body of a woman produces 50% of blood and fluid required for the growth of the baby during pregnancy. However, this condition can also be observed in other parts of the body such as hands, face, neck, ankles, etc. Read on to know more about the causes and treatment of this condition.

Causes

Many women suffer from

water retention during pregnancy

in the second and third trimester. This condition usually occurs due to several reasons and the following are a few of them.

  • Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy can lead to swelling and water retention and it is medically known as edema.
  • The condition of fluid retention generally occurs during humid and hot climatic conditions.
  • Inadequate intake of fluids or water during pregnancy can result in causing this condition.
  • Sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise can also lead to this condition during pregnancy.
  • Standing or sitting for longer periods of time can lead to the swelling of ankles and legs.
  • Excess consumption of diuretic foods like tea, coffee etc. are a few more reasons that cause water retention.
  • Intake of excess amounts of sodium and eating processed foods during pregnancy lead to water retention.
  • The condition of preeclampsia may lead to high blood pressure which in turn leads to this condition.
  • Water retention due to hypertension can cause sudden increase in body weight and is medically termed as toxemia.

How to Prevent?

  • Water retention during pregnancy

    can be avoided by changing your lifestyle and following a proper diet.

  • Drink plenty of water and fluids in diet everyday as this helps in overcoming edema.
  • Include foods which are low in potassium and sodium as they play an important role in overcoming water retention.
  • Eat plenty of foods rich in fiber and avoid wearing stretchable and tight clothes.
  • Avoid sitting or standing for longer periods of time and exercise regularly as it helps in reducing bloating and swelling during pregnancy.
  • Make sure that you visit a doctor if you observe severe and unusual symptoms during this condition.

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