Water Retention Symptoms and Causes

The medical term used for water retention is


and this occurs in certain areas or in the tissues of the body resulting in swelling. Water retention is also known as fluid retention. Swelling is the most common

water retention symptom

. It can be caused due to poor lifestyle, hormone-related or due to the usage of drugs. Read the following article in order to know about its various other symptoms and causes.

Symptoms of Water Retention

Water retention symptoms

may vary from person to person and swelling is mostly seen in many people. Fluctuations in weight, abdomen enlargement and weight gain can also be observed. People suffering from pulmonary edema may experience breathing difficulties as well.

Causes of Fluid Retention

  • Water retention can be caused due to several reasons and intake of excess sodium is one of the main reasons. Sodium tends to increase the ability of water retention in the kidneys leading to the accumulation of fluid in the tissues.
  • Deficiency of vitamin B1, B6, B5 and drop in albumin can lead to edema.
  • Women may experience this condition during menstruation and pregnancy due to the drop in estrogen and progesterone levels.
  • Usage of birth control pills and menopause can also lead to the condition of water retention.
  • Certain drugs like steroids, anti-inflammatory medicines and drugs for hypertension can lead to edema.
  • Water retention can also occur as a symptom of an underlying disease related to kidneys and heart as well.
  • Heart failure or inability of the heart to pump the blood properly can lead to the accumulation of fluid in the body and this can further result in the swelling of the abdomen and legs.
  • Hypothyroidism, liver diseases and accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity can lead to water retention.

It is important to treat the

water retention symptoms

and this can be done by reducing the salt consumption in your diet, drink plenty of water and change your lifestyle.

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