Water Retention Causes

Water retention is usually caused due to the presence of excess fluids in the body and this can in turn lead to visible swelling and edema. This can be a symptom and an indication of an underlying serious disorder or disease. Improper functioning of an organ in the body, electrolyte and water imbalance are a few

water retention causes

. Read on the to know more about its causes and treatment.

Causes of Water Retention

The following are a few

water retention causes

which can lead to edema or swelling of the body parts.

  • High Salt Diet

    : This is one of the main cause of water retention. Make sure that you avoid foods rich in sodium as salt is made of sodium chloride which plays an important role in causing water retention. This also leads to edema and swelling as well.

  • Premenstrual Syndrome

    : Water retention is mostly seen in women and this is generally caused due to hormonal fluctuations that occur every month. This is a part of premenstrual syndrome which in turn leads to water retention.

  • Pregnancy

    : This is another main cause for this condition and this also occurs due to hormonal changes. A woman may require excess water for both placenta and fetus. This condition can lead to swelling of the ankles, feet and hands.

  • Nutritional Deficiencies

    : Deficiency of certain nutrients can also lead to this condition. Inadequate consumption of vitamins such as vitamin B6, B1 can lead to water retention. Hypoproteinemia is a condition which occurs due to the presence of less proteins in the blood and it can also result in this condition.

  • Medication Side Effects

    : Certain medications can cause a few side effects which can lead to water retention. Overdose of anti-diuretics, drugs used for high blood pressure, non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), etc. can lead to this condition.

  • Other Causes

    : Certain systemic diseases like burns, kidney diseases, inflammations, heart failure, diabetes, hypothyroidism, metabolic disorders, liver diseases, etc. lead to water retention. Sometimes standing for longer periods of time can also lead to this condition.


Water retention causes

can be treated by following a few lifestyle changes and eating habits. Make sure you eat foods rich in fiber and other essential nutrients and vitamins. Consult a doctor if water retention is due to high blood pressure or any other severe health complication. It is always advisable to get yourself diagnosed in order to avoid further complications.

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