Water

Water Pills for High Blood Pressure

A person with a blood pressure reading of more than

140/90 mm Hg

is likely to suffer from high blood pressure also known as

hypertension

. This can be caused due to certain medical conditions, smoking, certain drugs, excessive alcohol consumption, unhealthy dietary habits and stress. Hypertension can also lead to severe health complications as well.

Water pills for blood pressure

are mostly prescribed for many people. Water pills are considered to lower and control the blood pressure of a person suffering from hypertension. Read on to know more advantages and disadvantages of the usage of water pills for hypertension.

How they Work?

  • High blood pressure can be sometimes caused due to poor functioning of the kidneys as well.
  • The main function of the kidneys is to remove the wastes from blood and body in the form of urine.
  • The excess salts and fluids get reabsorbed into the blood due to kidney failure.
  • This can lead to the accumulation of high salt, fluids and sodium levels in the blood increasing the blood volume. This can result in forcing the heart to pump harder leading to high blood pressure.
  • Water pills for high blood pressure

    help in draining out the extra fluids and sodium in order to lower the blood pressure levels.

  • They also help in preventing minerals and water absorption into the blood by increasing the urine productivity.
  • They also help in regulating the blood volume and blood pressure as the heart may not require to pump hard.

Types

Water pills for high blood

pressure are of different types and potassium-sparing water pills, thiazides, loop diuretics and osmotic diuretics are a few of them. Loop diuretics help in re-absorption of sodium, thiazide help in dialating the blood vessels and lowering the water and sodium levels in the body. The following are a few more diuretics used for high blood pressure.

  • Indapamide
  • Spironolactone
  • Chlorthalidone
  • Torsemide
  • Hydroflumethiazide
  • Chlorothiazide
  • Metalazone
  • Furosemide
  • Hydroflumethiazide and
  • Methyclothiazide

Side Effects

Though diuretics help in lowering the blood pressure levels, they may sometimes cause side effects as well. Increased thirst, dry mouth, fainting, dizziness, headaches, muscle cramps, dehydration, frequent urination and stomach upset are a few side effects caused due to excess usage of water pills.

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