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Amoebic Dysentery – Diagnosis and Treatment

Amoebic dysentery

is also known as Traveler’s diarrhea or amoebiasis. This a gastrointestinal infection which majority affects the large intestine, may also involve the liver sometimes. Among several other symptoms, it may cause severe diarrhea. This infection more frequently affects those people who have a poor sense of hygiene. Hence, travelers who visit developing countries where sanitation conditions are poor are more susceptible to contracting the infection. Therefore, it is known as traveler’s disease. Read on to know more about amoebic dysentery and its

diagnosis and treatment

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About Amoebic Dysentery

Amoebic dysentery can easily affect young as well as old people alike. Nearly 10% of the world’s population is acting like hosts as they are carrying the amoebas. People residing in the following countries are more susceptible:

  • Tropical areas of of Asia
  • Africa
  • South America
  • Central America
  • India
  • Mexico

Diagnosis of Amoebic Dysentery

The diagnostic procedure involves the following tests to confirm the presence of the parasite, E. histolytica.

1. Stool Test

Three samples of stool should be checked in the laboratory to confirm the presence of E. histolytica.

2. Blood Tests

To have a high degree of accuracy, there are several blood tests which can be done for diagnosis.

3. Colonoscopy or Proctosigmoidoscopy

When the diagnosis is not transparent and clear after blood and stool tests, these special tests are done. The procedure requires a thin, lighted instrument that is inserted into the colon and rectum to get a direct, clear view. The tissue sample are taken to laboratory for further examination.

4.Ultrasound

Further investigations are required if there are involvement and complications of the abdominal organs. Ultrasound may be a necessary step to confirm the diagnostic results.

Treatment of Amoebic Dysentery

The treatment procedure involves administration of antibiotic drugs to eliminate the parasite, E. histolytica. The most commonly used antibiotic drugs are:

  1. Tinidazole
  2. Metranidizole

To treat abdominal or stomach pain,muscle relaxants and painkillers can be administered. Also, drinking a solution which contains glucose and salt may be necessary as to replace the salt lost from dehydration.

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