Water

What is Amoebic Dysentery?

Amoebic dysentery

is a infection of the gastrointestinal tract of humans. This is also known as

Amoebiasis

. This is distributed world wide. This disease is a major concern in certain parts of Asia, China and Latin America, more rampant in Mexico. It was roughly estimated that in the year of 1981, nearly 480 million individuals carried

E. histolytica

in intestinal tract. Also, around at the same time, 48 million individuals were afflicted with invasive amoebic dysentery. Read on to know more about the gastrointestinal infection, amoebic dysentery.

This ailment is responsible for nearly

40,000-110,000 deaths world wide annually

. Also, this occurs in various endemic forms due to a high level of constant reinfection and transmission. If there is a high contamination in the drinking water supplies, then there is chance of epidemic water-borne infections to occur.

Introduction of Amoebic Dysentery

This gastrointestinal infection majority affects travelers in developing countries in the form of diarrhea. This infection is primarily caused by a parasite called as

Entamoeba histolytica

which infects the bowel system of humans. This is an infection of the large intestine. Amoebiasis most commonly affects young as well as middle-aged adults.

The exact definition of the term, “ Amoebiasis” is a “condition that harbours the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica along with or without clinical manifestations.” It is an symptomatic disease which occurs in less than 10% of host individuals.

Sub-Division of Amoebiasis

This group has been subdivided into intestinal and extra intestinal amoebiasis. A very small percentage of intestinal infected hosts finally develop an invasive amoebiasis. This infection ranges from a mild stomach discomfort and recurrent diarrhea to an acute fulminating dysentery.

The extra intestinal amoebiasis can further involve other parts like the skin, spleen, brain, lungs, liver (liver abscess), etc. This infection is a potential lethal ailment as it is responsible for a substantial mortality and morbidity rates.

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