Water

Water Pollution Effect: Waterborne Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases

of human are one of the serious and major effect of water pollution. This is imperative in developing countries, where hygiene and sanitation standards may be non-existent or inadequate. Waterborne diseases happens when parasites or some other vector are ingested through contaminated water, especially in water contaminated by those pathogens that originate from excreta. Read on to know more about the waterborne diseases and their adverse effects on the humans.

Waterborne diseases

include intestinal parasites, typhoid and several diarrheal and enteric diseases that are caused by viruses, parasites, and bacteria. A few of the most adverse and serious parasitic diseases include hookworm, ascariasis, giardiasis and amoebiasis.

Waterborne Diseases in Developed Countries

Even the developed countries can’t escape the issue of infectious waterborne diseases. More than 400,000 residents of Milwaukee fell sick in 1993, due to high levels of cryptospordium in their drinking water supply. This was one of the most rare and extreme case.

Although, transmission of pathogens like cysts and bacteria through poorly treated but contaminated municipal water is evidently becoming more prominent.

Around 7 million Americans fall sick

due to contaminated water every year. Drinking water is partly responsible for this – even the contaminated recreational water like beach water is responsible for this issue.

Waterborne Diseases due to Recreational Activities

Thousands of beaches are closing every year in the US. Also, outdated monitoring systems may leave tourists and beach goers exposed and vulnerable to various illnesses. If the beach water is polluted, it can cause several illnesses and allergies which include:

  • Stomach aches
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Encephalitis
  • Hepatitis
  • Respiratory infections
  • Pink eye
  • Ear aches
  • Rashes

Hence, one should be very careful before venturing out in the beach water as there are so many adverse waterborne diseases present in contaminated water. Therefore, you should be aware of the water condition before you take part in any water recreational activities.

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