What is a Leptospirosis disease?

Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by spirochaetes, a bacteria of the genus Leptospira. Leptospirosis is also called Stuttgart disease, Weil’s syndrome, Weil’s disease, canefield fever, rat cathcher’s yellows, fort bragg fever, pretibial fever and 7-day fever.

Leptospirosis is usually caused by exposure to contaminated water with the urine of infected domesticated animals. It is an infectious disease of animals such as cattle, swine and dogs. The disease is transmitted to humans through direct contact of these animal’s urine. It causes a wide range of symptoms in humans.

Leptospirosis Symptoms:

As the disease shows a wide range of symptoms, it is often wrongly diagnosed. This also leads to less number of registered cases. The symptoms of the leptospirosis include –

  • High fever
  • Chills
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Vomiting
  • Jaundice
  • Abdominal pain
  • Red eyes
  • Diarrhea
  • Rashes

Leptospirosis Treatment:

Following are some of the antibiotics for treatment of leptospirosis disease –

  • Penicillin G
  • Cephalosporins
  • Cefotaxime
  • Doxycycline
  • Erythromycin
  • Amixicillin

Prevention of Leptospirosis:

The risk of being affected by leptospirosis can be greatly reduced by wearing protective clothing by those exposed to contaminated water such as farmers, animal caretakers, fish workers and veterinarians etc.

The disease occurs worldwide in both urban and rural areas. There are many complications associated with the disease such as liver and kidney failure, meningitis, kidney damage and respiratory distress etc.

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