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What are the Symptoms and Preventions of Hepatitis-A?

Hepatitis A is a disease caused by a Hepatitis-A virus, also called HAV. The disease causes inflammation of the liver cells. Sometimes the disease is asymptomatic, but complications are rarely serious. The name is derived from the Greek word -Hepar = liver and the root -itis = inflammation.

Hepatitis-A virus is found in faeces of infected persons. Hepatitis-A virus is a commonly found places with poor sanitation. The virus spreads when people ingest contaminated food or drink contaminated water.

Signs and Symptoms of Hepatitis-A:

Hepatitis-A symptoms include –

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting and Diarrhea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Mild flu-like symptoms
  • Jaundice
  • Abdominal pain
  • Itchy skin
  • Fatigue
  • Urine dark in color
  • Pain in area of liver

In extremely rare conditions, the infection can be fatal.

Hepatitis-A Treatment:

Though, there is no specific treatment for HAV. An infected person fights off the virus naturally and person comes out healthy within 2 months of infection. Always seek a medical advice about the treatment for any disease. The treatment includes the following –

  • Avoid alcohol
  • Complete bed rest
  • Avoid medications that can worsen liver functions
  • Plenty of fluids during vomiting and dehydration

Hepatitis-A Prevention:

Following are some of the methods by which the HAV transmission can be prevented –

  • A strict personal hygiene and hand washing can help prevent the HAV transmission.
  • Washing hands thoroughly after using the wash room, before cooking and touching others.
  • Contaminated surface should be cleaned thoroughly with a household bleach.
  • Heat food to 85 degrees centigrade to kill the virus.
  • Do not eat raw or partially cooked sea foods.
  • Travellers should drink bottled water and eat peeled fruits.
  • Havris

    and

    VAQTA

    are some vaccines that are proven safe to prevent HAV infection.

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