Water

What are Water Softening Methods?

Water softening is a process in which a plant reduces magnesium, calcium and ion concentration from the hard water. On an average, hard water contains about 90 pounds of dissolved rocks. It can pose hazards to human health. Hardness of water can damage hair in a man and makes water less safe for drinking.

The rocks which get dissolved in water mixes magnesium and calcium ions in pipes and heats the surface of dishwashers and washing machines. Water hardness also makes soap less effective.

Types of Water Softening

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There are 2 types of water softener –

  • Ion exchange water softener
  • Softening water through magnets

Ion exchange water softener –

  • Ion exchange water softener depends on two tanks- the brine and resin tanks.
  • This process removes magnesium and calcium ions.
  • Potentially hard water will pass through the resin beads in resin tank.
  • When the beads become saturated with magnesium and calcium ions, the ion exchange softener goes offline.
  • Brine tank is again filled with new sodium ions which are ready for exchange, it flushes the resin tank and then it becomes online again.
  • This method is suitable for all appliances which uses a lot of water. This method can also increase the life span of dishes and clothes.
  • This method is not ideal for drinking purposes because of the sodium intake.

Softening water through magnets –

  • It is a new method for water softening and this is the safest method for drinking purposes.
  • This is non-chemical based water softening method.
  • The process involves magnets placed outside or inside the water pipe and water flows through a magnetic field.
  • Water is stripped of its hardness and impurities because of the magnetic field’s strength.
  • It is also advised to put the magnet bars close to the water source.

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