Amoebiasis – Symptoms Causes and Treatment

Amoebiasis is an infectious disease which causes chronic inflammation by the protozoa Entamoeba histolytica. It usually occurs by ingesting contaminated water and food by amoebic cysts. Suffering people have Entamoeba parasite in their faeces. It occurs in the regions where hygiene and sanitation conditions are poor.

It mainly involves large intestine, but can also affect liver and other organs. During the lifecycle of Entamoeba, the amoeba lives in 2 different classes- the capsule or the infective cyst form which is not mobile but can survive outside the human body and has a protective sheath around it and capable of infection. The other one is the Trophozoite form, which can move and can’t survive once it is passed in the feces and can’t infect other people.

Symptoms of Amoebiasis:

Following are some of the typical symptoms in a patient –

  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Intestinal gas
  • Bloating or flatulence
  • Watery stools
  • Abdominal tenderness
  • Mild pain
  • Indigestion

Severe symptoms include –

  • The parasite can enter into other internal organs including lungs, brain etc. and can cause dangerous symptoms.
  • Blood in stools.
  • Amoeba can travel to liver through blood stream and can cause liver amoebic abscess.
  • Vomiting in severe cases.
  • Irritable bowel disease can be caused.

Causes of Amoebiasis:

  • It is caused by the infection of the protozoa Entamoeba histolytica.
  • Its transmission is caused from an infected person to other through stools.
  • This condition can also develop due to crowded places.

Treatment of Amoebiasis:

  • The disease can be treated by antimicrobial medication.
  • In asymptomatic intestinal infection, it can be treated by Metronidazole or related drug, tinidazole which can kill the pathogen that has invaded the tissue.
  • Avoid raw foods and drink boiled water only.
  • Maintain personal hygiene.

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