Water

Cholera Disease – Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Cholera is an intestinal infection which occurs mainly by eating and drinking contaminated foods caused by bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The bacterium primarily affects small intestine. This bacteria can cause extreme diarrhea and severe vomiting. This condition leads to severe dehydration and loss of electrolytes in the body. Most of the infections of this bacteria remains asymptomatic.

A person infected with Cholera causing bacteria start to experience symptom within five days. Only one person in 10 infected people experience notable symptoms, according to Mayo clinic. Otherwise, a person infected with cholera bacterium still excretes this bacterium for 1 to 2 weeks, which is sufficient enough to infect other people.

Symptoms of Cholera:

  • Watery Diarrhea

    – an infected person will develop severe watery diarrhea as soon as the cholera bacterium has been incubated in the intestine. This occurs within one and five days. It is very severe and often contains mucus and dead cells. This gives a milky and pale appearance to the stools. Although this diarrhea occurs without pain, but loss of fluid from the body is the most serious fact of the disease.

  • Dehydration

    – as soon as the diarrhea starts, an infected person is at the risk of developing mildly to severely dehydration. If a person loses 10% of her body weight due ti diarrhea, he is severely dehydrated.

  • Shock

    – severely dehydrated person will experience oxygen deprivation shock. This occurs as a result of low blood volume which causes a person’s blood pressure to drop. This leads to less oxygen in tissues. Extremely less oxygen will cause a person’s death within minutes.

Some Signs and Symptoms of Diarrhea:

  • Dry and shriveled skin
  • Dry mouth
  • Irritability
  • Low blood pressure
  • Little or no urination
  • Nausea
  • Muscle cramps
  • Vomiting

Treatment of Cholera:

  • Bed rest
  • Fluid replacement
  • Electrolytes
  • Intravenous fluids

Prevention of Cholera:

  • Maintain hygienic conditions in living area.
  • Vaccination

    – it is suitable for travellers to rural areas of highly endemic countries.

  • Antibiotics

    – these include tetracycline, sulphonamide, erythromycin and ciprofloxacin.

if you experience you are developing diarrhea, you should seek an immediate medical help.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *