Water

Water Softeners

The water is called as hard water because it has a number of dissolved salts in it. Once these salts are removed, using some process, then the water is transformed into soft water.

How Does Water Softeners Works:

Here are four steps which the water softeners use to reduce the content of calcium and magnesium in the water. These are:

  • The water in the house which has to be softened requires the replacement of the calcium and magnesium ion by any other ion. For this purpose, a resin bed with beads is required. These plastic beads are covered with sodium or potassium ions. As the water flows, over these beads, the ions of calcium or magnesium in the water are replaced with the sodium or potassium ions.
  • Now, once the water has passed over them the beads require regeneration. For regaining the sodium and potassium ion, the salty solution of brine which is rich in sodium and potassium is passed through the beads.
  • Once the process is completed, all the dirt, sediments, calcium and magnesium ions are flown down from the beads into the drain . This process is known as the backwash.
  • Lastly, we have 2 separate tanks. One has mineral water in it while the other has rinse water. The process can be repeated to convert the rinse water into the mineral water.

Different Kinds Of Water Softeners:

There are usually 4 different kinds of water softeners. These are:

  • Automatic:

    In this type of water softener, all the process is carried out automatically, including the regeneration.

  • Semi – Automatic:

    In this process, all the activities are carried out automatically, except the regeneration of the ions.

  • Manual:

    It is the process, all the activities including the back washing, rinsing, brining etc are performed manually.

  • Off site:

    This is the most traditional way. In this process, the exchange of ions and their replacements is not done at home. It takes place at the site of the company which provides this service.

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