Water

Water Cycle

The water cycle comprises of four steps- evaporation, condensation, precipitation and collection and this process is known as a water cycle. Since water is the most important component of nature it this process balances the ecosystem.

Evaporation:

The earth has water bodies like rivers, streams, lakes and oceans therefore when the sun heats up the water, the water turns into vapor and evaporates from the water bodies into the air and even plants lose water through leaves which adds to the evaporation process.

Condensation:

In condensation the water that evaporates cools and forms into clouds. This process is called condensation.

Precipitation:

In precipitation the water that evaporates and condensates in the air forms clouds. These clouds are full of water since the clouds cannot hold it, it bursts into rain, snow and hail back into the earth.

Collection

: When this water falls back on earth in the form of rain, hail and snow it fills up oceans, rivers, lakes and other water bodies and a part of it is soaked by the ground and becomes ground water which plants and animals use.

Water Cycle In Deserts

The process of water cycle is the same in deserts, its just that in deserts there are less of plants and water bodies therefore water evaporation is not that frequent. Deserts are always hot during the day and extremely cold during the night and since there are few trees and plants it becomes much drier as compared to other places. Whatever moisture is there from the surrounding trees it gets evaporated in the air in the form of vapor. This vapor cools but doesn’t form clouds that are full of water and therefore there are no heavy rains and since the heat is more all the water gets evaporated.
Therefore deserts are always dry and there is hardly any rainfall.

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